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G.D.V Camera

Activation Index
Informational influence/ Individual sensitivity/ Negative reaction


Anxiety and Stress Level

A simple and effective, clinically verified rating scale has been created based on a large quantity of statistical material gathered from various countries.

Anxiety Index
0 - 2
Anxiety index in this range is an indication of a very calm balanced condition (low level of stress) and has been found several times for experienced meditators and chi-quong masters.
2 - 4
A calm, even-tempered relatively healthy individual has an anxiety index in this range.
4 - 8
This range indicates high level of stress influencing the condition of the individual affecting both the psychological and physical state.
8 - 10
This range indicates that the person is suffering from serious mental distress and depression, altered state of consciousness.

A Brief History of Bioelectrography

Now we shall look into the history behind the discovery of methods that proved the existence of aura.

First Discoveries:
Year Description
1777 G.C.Lichtenberg, of Germany, records electrograms of sliding discharge in dust caused by electric sparks.

1880 Nicola Tesla of USA showed that connecting the human body to a high-frequency electrical circuit causes a bright fluorescence to appear around the body.

1892 J.Nardkevitch-Yodko, of Russia, studies electrography and develops a method of investigating human energy states. His research was taken over by M.Pogorelsky in Russia and B.Navratil in Czehia.

1904 Catholic priest, Father Landel de Morua, of Brazil, creates the electrographic(electro-discharge) camera.

1930 Drs. Pratt and Schlemmer, of Parague, study contact prints of various subjects placed on the photographic emulsion(mixture) in an electrical field during electric discharges.

Early Stages of Understanding:
Year Description
1939 Russian technician Semyon D. Kirlian notices the fluorescence of his own fingers while repairing high-frequency equipment in a hospital. With wife Valentina, investigates the mysterious fluorescence until his death in 1978.

1970ies The book “Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain” by S. Astander and L. Schreder is published and the work of the Kirlians becomes known in the USA.

1970-1980ies Hundreds of enthusiasts all over the world are involve in reproducing Kirlian photos.

Pre-Paradigm Stage:
Year Description
1983-1986 I. Dunitresku, of Romania, P. Mandel of Germany, N. Milhomens of Brazil, A. Lerner of France, H. Oldfield of England, A. Konikevich in the UA, and many others develop different approaches to the application of bioelectrographic technique in diagnostics.

1980-1995 Hundreds of articles and dozens of books on bioelectrography are published. A great deal of interesting observations and some statistical correlations are collected world wide. The main physical principles of Kirlian photography are discovered. All investigators use photo-materials and photo-process.

A New Paradigm is Created- The Scientific Stage:
Year Description
1995 Professor Konstantin Korotkov, Russia: Invention of the Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) Technique-a new scientific approach base on digital video methods, modern electronics, and the computer processing of data.

The “Kirlian Effect”

For more than two centuries, the occurrence of a “fluorescence” or “glow” from animate or inanimate objects when placed in a high intensity electromagnetic field has been well known.

In 1777, Prof. Lichtenberg observed a characteristic fan-like fluorescence while investigating electrical charges on an insulator surface covered with powder.

A hundred years later, a similar kind of fluorescence was captured on a photographic plate and became known as “Lichtenberg figures”.

At the end of 19th century, Y.O. Narkevitch- Yodko discovered the luminescence of human hands in the filed of a high-voltage generator and learned to capture this luminescence on a photographic plate.

About the same time, in Brazil, a Catholic priest, Father Landel de Morua, created an electrographic (electro-discharge) camera [Almeida, 1984]. However, the complexity of the equipment and the danger in using it prevented the method from becoming more wide spread.

Russian investigator, a married couple, Semyon and Valentina Kirlian, independently discovered this same phenomenon in 1930-40ies and the method of “high-frequency photography” became world widely known as the “Kirlian effect”.

Kirlian effect” is actually referring to the resulting image of a gas discharge or “fluorescence” that appears around the edge of a subject after it was placed in a high-intensity electrical field and is captured on some type of photo-material. When this process is applied to biological subjects (bio-subjects) the term “Bioelectrography” is used. “Kirlianography” is another name referring to the same process.

Kirlianography has been widely used as a method for experimental investigations. More than a thousand publications have been written on the “Kirlian effect”. The majority of interest is more focused on the research of the photographs of gas discharge fluorescence of biological subjects, mainly humans.

Initial research demonstrated that the kirlianograms (the captured images) changes according to the changes in the human state. It is possible to estimate the general level and nature of physiological activity and to classify the state of the human organism by examination of the kirlianograms of fingers and toes. By studying the distribution of the projections of fluorescence within acupuncture channels, it appeared to be possible to evaluate the condition of separate systems of the organism and to follow the influence of a variety of interventions such as medications, therapy, auto-training, etc. All this created an opportunity to develop effective systems of diagnostics, based on the study of kirlianograms and to collect a large database of research.

GDV Approach

For years the inventions of new products or devices have helped us understand more about Reality. For example, Microscope, telescope, X-rays, ultra-sound - without these instruments modern science is powerless. Now there is a new instrument which came to existence – a solid state Computerised Gas Discharge Visualisation technique, based on well-known Kirlian Effect.

Fig 1.3: GDV Camera (Source: K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)

Modern scientific means: fiber-glass optics, digitized TV matrix, picture processing with powerful computer - creating a new base for introducing this technique into scientific practice.

This tool which is the first of its kind, has gave us an opportunity to visualize the distribution of human energy fields, and provided that it is user-friendly, and the results are reproducible, and can be produced graphically and, the last but not the least, it is inexpensive.

By applying the Gas Discharge Visualization technique (GDV) the Russian scientist Prof. Konstantin Korotkov has developed a set of such devices.

Using special electrode system, the approach creates a high intensity electric field around an object which produces a gas discharge whose glow can be seen and measured. The object can be a nail, a stone or a plant; any biological essence adds its own unique aspect to this glow, changing its brightness, size and colour.

The discharge reveals the features of an object that cannot be determined by other techniques as well as tracking any small changes which occur. The electrical properties of the object, emission characteristics, gas evaporation, energy exchange with the environment-all these parameters of the object contributes to its glow. It is also possible to determine the influence of different factors such as medicine, type of food, environment, etc. This method reveals the complex reaction of an organism to different influences.

Every physical organ, every function of the mind-body has its precise effect on the human aura. By reading aura around fingers we can determine the malfunction of every organ of the body, long before physical symptoms become evident.

Investigation of a person’s health and psycho-emotional state, both at the given moment in time and in its change over time; the influence of different drugs, medicine, exercises can easily be done.

Modern GDV equipment is capable of quantifying the energy state of different objects, both living and inanimate, and their influence on the people who interacts with them.

Besides the GDV camera, we can also use the “GDV +” camera to take GDV-grams of : 1)animals; 2)toes; 3)elderly, diseased, and disabled people.

Fig 1.4: “GDV+” with a film (Source:Dr. Korotkov, “GDV+” Instrument user’s Guide)

A lot of scientific institutions, conventional and alternative medical practitioners from different countries benefit from using this technique now. There are GDV Technologies branches in London, Milan, Chicago, Washington D.C., Madrid, Munich, Zurich, etc. In three years more than 400 instruments are sold to different countries. By 1998, GDV camera and GDV software complex is well known to the world.

The GDV camera is endorse by the Russian Ministry of Health. (Please refer to the Appendix for the attachment of the Certificates of Endorsement.)

The General Principles of GDV Technique

The principle of the experimental device construction is demonstrated in Figure below.

The object(1) analyzed (a finger, a plant leaf and etc.) is positioned on the surface of the optical glass or transparent electrode of 3.5mm thickness. On the back of the glass, the electroconductive micro-grid is plotted by the method of vacuum photogalvanoplastics. Voltage impulses are then applied by the generator of electromagnetic field (EMF) (5) between the subject(1) and the glass. With the help of an optical system(3) and a CCD camera(4), (charge coupled device) The glow turning up around the object is transformed into video-signals, which are recorded in the form of single shots (GDV-grams) or AVI-files in the computer which goes to a computer for the processing and analysis.

The technical parameters of the manufactured in Russia “GDV-Camera” are the following:
Impulse duration-10.0 mks
Repetition frequency-11.0-3.0 kHz;
Voltage amplitude-1000.0-4000.0 V;
Maximum impulse power consumption~80 Watt;
Schematic impulse current limitation-on the level of 1mA;
Parameters stability not less than 0.1%;
Computer control of all the parameters;
CCD matrix resolution-800 x 600.

Fig 1.4: Schematic picture of instrument for the investigation of GDV characteristics (a) and its equivalent circuit (b): 1-investigated subject; 2-transparent electrode; 3-optical system; 4- videoconverter; 5-electronic blocks.

(Source: K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)

Basically, electric impulse stimulates biological subject and generates response of the subject in the form of electron and photon emission. Due to a short electrical impulse used (10 mcs) the subject responses in a wide band of frequencies. Simultaneously, at the expense of superficial and volume heterogeneity of the object, space-time modulation of the applied electromagnetic field (EMF) takes place. Weak emission and photon radiation of the object increases owing to a gas discharge, generated in EMF. The glow of this discharge is transformed by optical and CCD system into a computer file. On the basis of the calculated parameters and diagnostic hypothesis a certain conclusion or diagnosis is made. The picture, formed after processing and transformations, reveals as a two-dimensional amplitude-modulated fractal image. To study this image methods of fractal, matrix and probability analysis, realized in the form of Windows based unique program complex, are used. The technique named as “Biological Emission and Optical Radiation Stimulated by Electromagnetic Field Amplified by Gaseous Discharge with Visualization by Computer Processing”. In short BEO GDV Technique and images after processing are named as BEO-grams or GDV-grams.

To analyze human psycho-physiological condition two main analytical approaches are applied: parametric and sector ones. Parametric approach is based on the calculation of BEO-gram parameter, factor and correlation analysis (today the GDV Software calculates more than 30 parameters). Complex analysis usually allows for results of both GDV measurements and other types of measurements (psychological, physiological, and bioelectrographic). The following main groups of parameters are considered: geometrical, brightness, density, fractal, probability, and entropy parameters.

Sector diagnostics is based on a diagnostic table, connecting glow characteristics of separate zones of fingers with the functional state of body zones. For the first time the idea of such connection was proposed by P.Mandel, then it was further developed and modified. The diagnostic table is based on the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine, micro-acupuncture systems and empirical experience. The analysis suggests using notions on Chakras and Ayurvedic medicine. Basing on 10-fingers BEO-grams and the diagnostic table, the model of field distribution around human body is built in the GDV Programs. Independent clinic observations in different countries revealed diagnostic validity of the GDV-technique and, in particular, the model of field distribution – Aura.

Fig 1.5: How we take BEO-grams of fingers (Source: K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)

Special techniques have been developed for the study of GDV characteristics of water, biological liquids and different subjects.

The new type of analysis based on the BEO-grams was also developed. One provides the parameters on Neurophysic study: self regulation, neurophysic tolerance and stress tolerance.

The method of GDV Bioelectrography is a practical application and a touchstone of the new approach. Although gas discharge images are fluctuating, dynamically changing, they are still probabilistically reproducible. They represent natural application of non-linear mathematics. However, conclusions, made using these methods, should be absolutely concrete and should carry clear information on biological object’s state.

Konstantin G. Korotkov

Fig 1.6: Dr. Konstantin Korotkov
K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)
Dr. Konstantin Korotkov, Ph.D. is a highly regarded international scientist. His technique, known as the Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) technique, uses state of the art computer, electronic and optic technology in the analysis of glow characteristics of living organisms, including plants, seeds, blood samples, and microbiological cultures.

He is on the cutting edge of GDV Technology, a rapidly advancing world respected science which has developed well beyond simple photographs of the human aura. Based at the St. Petersburg State Technical University SPIFMO, Prof. Korotkov has developed instruments and software, which allow the direct “real-time” viewing of changes in the human energy field-AURA. This has extraordinary implications for Medicine, Psychology, Biophysics, Forensic Science, Agriculture and Ecology.

Prof. Korotkov has a Doctorate in physics and has lectured in physics and biophysics internationally. He has participated as the Senior Research Scientist in highly regarded Research Centres and Institutes. With more than 70 publications in leading Soviet and Russian research journals on physics and biology, and has 12 patents in the field of physics and biology, and has 12 patents in the field of biophysics and I the author of 4 books.

Prof. Korotkov has led a distinguished research career for over 20 years, combining rigorous scientific method with an insatiable curiosity about things of the spirit, things of the soul and deep respect for all Life. He is also a scholar of philosophy and serious mountaineer of 20 years experience.

He has conducted private consultations, lectures, seminars, and training sessions in Australia, Britain, Germany, Mexico, Peru, Sweden, Finland, Sri-Lanka.

Professor Edward V Krizhanovsky

Fig 1.7: Professor Edward V. Krizhanovsky
Born in Ereven, Armenia, Professor Edward V Krizhanovsky holds a Ph.D in physics. He conducts lectures in the theory of Information and Mathematical Logic at Saint Petersburg Technical University, Russia and is currently the Head of Investigation Laboratory in Kirlionics Technology International.

He conducts research in mathematical modeling and nonlinear analysis of experimental data on gas discharge, visualization study of liquid and biological subjects.

He has more than 30 publications on Gas Discharge, Visualization, Nonlinear Physics and Chaotic Dynamic.

Professor Edward is also the in house consultant to BAE International Inc. Sdn Bhd.

3. K. Konstantin G. Korotkov, Aura and Consciousness: New Stage of Scientific Understanding. (St. Petersburg division of Russian Ministry of Culture, State Publishing Unit “Kultura”, 1999).
6. K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography. (BACKBONE PUBLISHING Co., Fair Lawn, NJ, UA, 2002.)
7. Dr. K. Konstantin G. Korotkov, “GDV+” Instrument User’s Guide.(St. Petersburg, Kirlionics Technologies International)


Registration Certification of the GDV Camera - Endorsed by the Ministry of Health

Certificates of the GDV Camera - Endorsed by the Ministry of Health

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