influence/ Individual sensitivity/ Negative reaction
Anxiety and Stress Level
A simple and effective, clinically verified
rating scale has been created based on a large quantity of statistical material gathered from various countries.
A Brief History of Bioelectrography
Now we shall look into
the history behind the discovery of methods that proved the existence of aura.
Early Stages of Understanding:
||G.C.Lichtenberg, of Germany, records electrograms of sliding
discharge in dust caused by electric sparks.|
||Nicola Tesla of USA showed that connecting the human body to
a high-frequency electrical circuit causes a bright fluorescence to appear around the body.|
||J.Nardkevitch-Yodko, of Russia, studies electrography and develops
a method of investigating human energy states. His research was taken over by M.Pogorelsky in Russia and B.Navratil in Czehia.|
||Catholic priest, Father Landel de Morua, of Brazil, creates
the electrographic(electro-discharge) camera.|
||Drs. Pratt and Schlemmer, of Parague, study contact prints of
various subjects placed on the photographic emulsion(mixture) in an electrical field during electric discharges.|
||Russian technician Semyon D. Kirlian notices the fluorescence
of his own fingers while repairing high-frequency equipment in a hospital. With wife Valentina, investigates the mysterious
fluorescence until his death in 1978.|
||The book “Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain”
by S. Astander and L. Schreder is published and the work of the Kirlians becomes known in the USA.|
||Hundreds of enthusiasts all over the world are involve in reproducing
A New Paradigm is Created- The Scientific Stage:
||I. Dunitresku, of Romania, P. Mandel of Germany, N. Milhomens
of Brazil, A. Lerner of France, H. Oldfield of England, A. Konikevich in the UA, and many others develop different approaches
to the application of bioelectrographic technique in diagnostics.|
||Hundreds of articles and dozens of books on bioelectrography
are published. A great deal of interesting observations and some statistical correlations are collected world wide. The main
physical principles of Kirlian photography are discovered. All investigators use photo-materials and photo-process.|
||Professor Konstantin Korotkov, Russia: Invention of the Gas
Discharge Visualization (GDV) Technique-a new scientific approach base on digital video methods, modern electronics, and the
computer processing of data.|
The “Kirlian Effect”
For more than two centuries, the occurrence of a “fluorescence” or “glow” from
animate or inanimate objects when placed in a high intensity electromagnetic field has been well known.
In 1777, Prof. Lichtenberg observed a characteristic
fan-like fluorescence while investigating electrical charges on an insulator surface covered with powder.
A hundred years later, a similar kind of fluorescence
was captured on a photographic plate and became known as “Lichtenberg figures”.
At the end of 19th century, Y.O. Narkevitch- Yodko
discovered the luminescence of human hands in the filed of a high-voltage generator and learned to capture this luminescence
on a photographic plate.
About the same time, in Brazil, a Catholic priest,
Father Landel de Morua, created an electrographic (electro-discharge) camera [Almeida, 1984]. However, the complexity of the
equipment and the danger in using it prevented the method from becoming more wide spread.
Russian investigator, a married couple, Semyon
and Valentina Kirlian, independently discovered this same phenomenon in 1930-40ies and the method of “high-frequency
photography” became world widely known as the “Kirlian effect”.
“Kirlian effect” is
actually referring to the resulting image of a gas discharge or “fluorescence” that appears around the
edge of a subject after it was placed in a high-intensity electrical field and is captured on some type of photo-material.
When this process is applied to biological subjects (bio-subjects) the term “Bioelectrography” is used. “Kirlianography”
is another name referring to the same process.
Kirlianography has been widely used as a method for
experimental investigations. More than a thousand publications have been written on the “Kirlian effect”. The
majority of interest is more focused on the research of the photographs of gas discharge fluorescence of biological subjects,
Initial research demonstrated that
the kirlianograms (the captured images) changes according to the changes in the human state. It is possible to estimate the
general level and nature of physiological activity and to classify the state of the human organism by examination of the kirlianograms
of fingers and toes. By studying the distribution of the projections of fluorescence within acupuncture channels, it appeared
to be possible to evaluate the condition of separate systems of the organism and to follow the influence of a variety of interventions
such as medications, therapy, auto-training, etc. All this created an opportunity to develop effective systems of diagnostics,
based on the study of kirlianograms and to collect a large database of research.
GDV Approach For years the inventions of new products or devices have helped us understand more about
Reality. For example, Microscope, telescope, X-rays, ultra-sound - without these instruments modern science is powerless.
Now there is a new instrument which came to existence – a solid state Computerised Gas Discharge Visualisation
technique, based on well-known Kirlian Effect.
Fig 1.3: GDV Camera (Source: K.Konstantin G.
Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)
Modern scientific means: fiber-glass optics, digitized TV matrix, picture processing
with powerful computer - creating a new base for introducing this technique into scientific practice.
This tool which
is the first of its kind, has gave us an opportunity to visualize the distribution of human energy fields, and provided that
it is user-friendly, and the results are reproducible, and can be produced graphically and, the last but not the least, it
By applying the Gas Discharge Visualization technique (GDV) the Russian scientist Prof. Konstantin
Korotkov has developed a set of such devices.
Using special electrode system, the approach creates a high
intensity electric field around an object which produces a gas discharge whose glow can be seen and measured. The
object can be a nail, a stone or a plant; any biological essence adds its own unique aspect to this glow, changing its brightness,
size and colour.
The discharge reveals the features of an object that cannot be determined by other techniques as well
as tracking any small changes which occur. The electrical properties of the object, emission characteristics, gas evaporation,
energy exchange with the environment-all these parameters of the object contributes to its glow. It is also possible to determine
the influence of different factors such as medicine, type of food, environment, etc. This method reveals the complex reaction
of an organism to different influences.
Every physical organ, every function of the mind-body has its precise effect
on the human aura. By reading aura around fingers we can determine the malfunction of every organ of the body, long before
physical symptoms become evident.
Investigation of a person’s health and psycho-emotional state, both at the
given moment in time and in its change over time; the influence of different drugs, medicine, exercises can easily be done.
Modern GDV equipment is capable of quantifying the energy state of different objects, both living and inanimate, and
their influence on the people who interacts with them.
Besides the GDV camera, we can also use the “GDV +”
camera to take GDV-grams of : 1)animals; 2)toes; 3)elderly, diseased, and disabled people.
Fig 1.4: “GDV+” with a film (Source:Dr.
Korotkov, “GDV+” Instrument user’s Guide)
A lot of scientific institutions, conventional and alternative medical practitioners from
different countries benefit from using this technique now. There are GDV Technologies branches in London, Milan, Chicago,
Washington D.C., Madrid, Munich, Zurich, etc. In three years more than 400 instruments are sold to different countries. By
1998, GDV camera and GDV software complex is well known to the world.
The GDV camera is endorse by the Russian Ministry
of Health. (Please refer to the Appendix for the attachment of the Certificates of Endorsement.)
The General Principles of GDV Technique
The principle of the
experimental device construction is demonstrated in Figure below.
|The object(1) analyzed (a finger, a plant leaf
and etc.) is positioned on the surface of the optical glass or transparent electrode of 3.5mm thickness. On the back of the
glass, the electroconductive micro-grid is plotted by the method of vacuum photogalvanoplastics. Voltage impulses are then
applied by the generator of electromagnetic field (EMF) (5) between the subject(1) and the glass. With the help of an optical
system(3) and a CCD camera(4), (charge coupled device) The glow turning up around the object is transformed into video-signals,
which are recorded in the form of single shots (GDV-grams) or AVI-files in the computer which goes to a computer for the processing
The technical parameters of the manufactured in Russia “GDV-Camera” are the following:
||Impulse duration-10.0 mks|
||Repetition frequency-11.0-3.0 kHz;|
||Voltage amplitude-1000.0-4000.0 V;|
||Maximum impulse power consumption~80 Watt;|
||Schematic impulse current limitation-on the level
||Parameters stability not less than 0.1%;|
||Computer control of all the parameters;|
||CCD matrix resolution-800 x 600.|
Fig 1.4: Schematic picture of instrument for the investigation
of GDV characteristics (a) and its equivalent circuit (b): 1-investigated subject; 2-transparent electrode; 3-optical system;
4- videoconverter; 5-electronic blocks.
G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)
Basically, electric impulse stimulates biological
subject and generates response of the subject in the form of electron and photon emission. Due to a short electrical impulse
used (10 mcs) the subject responses in a wide band of frequencies. Simultaneously, at the expense of superficial and volume
heterogeneity of the object, space-time modulation of the applied electromagnetic field (EMF) takes place. Weak emission and
photon radiation of the object increases owing to a gas discharge, generated in EMF. The glow of this discharge is transformed
by optical and CCD system into a computer file. On the basis of the calculated parameters and diagnostic hypothesis a certain
conclusion or diagnosis is made. The picture, formed after processing and transformations, reveals as a two-dimensional amplitude-modulated
fractal image. To study this image methods of fractal, matrix and probability analysis, realized in the form of Windows based
unique program complex, are used. The technique named as “Biological Emission and Optical Radiation Stimulated by Electromagnetic
Field Amplified by Gaseous Discharge with Visualization by Computer Processing”. In short BEO GDV Technique and images
after processing are named as BEO-grams or GDV-grams.
To analyze human psycho-physiological condition two main analytical
approaches are applied: parametric and sector ones. Parametric approach is based on the calculation of BEO-gram parameter,
factor and correlation analysis (today the GDV Software calculates more than 30 parameters). Complex analysis usually allows
for results of both GDV measurements and other types of measurements (psychological, physiological, and bioelectrographic).
The following main groups of parameters are considered: geometrical, brightness, density, fractal, probability, and entropy
Sector diagnostics is based on a diagnostic table, connecting glow characteristics of separate zones of
fingers with the functional state of body zones. For the first time the idea of such connection was proposed by P.Mandel,
then it was further developed and modified. The diagnostic table is based on the concepts of traditional Chinese medicine,
micro-acupuncture systems and empirical experience. The analysis suggests using notions on Chakras and Ayurvedic medicine.
Basing on 10-fingers BEO-grams and the diagnostic table, the model of field distribution around human body is built in the
GDV Programs. Independent clinic observations in different countries revealed diagnostic validity of the GDV-technique and,
in particular, the model of field distribution – Aura.
Fig 1.5: How we take BEO-grams of fingers (Source: K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy
Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)
Special techniques have been developed for the study of GDV characteristics
of water, biological liquids and different subjects.
The new type of analysis based on the BEO-grams was also developed.
One provides the parameters on Neurophysic study: self regulation, neurophysic tolerance and stress tolerance.
method of GDV Bioelectrography is a practical application and a touchstone of the new approach. Although gas discharge images
are fluctuating, dynamically changing, they are still probabilistically reproducible. They represent natural application of
non-linear mathematics. However, conclusions, made using these methods, should be absolutely concrete and should carry clear
information on biological object’s state.
Konstantin G. Korotkov
Professor Edward V Krizhanovsky
|Fig 1.6: Dr. Konstantin Korotkov
K.Konstantin G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography)
Dr. Konstantin Korotkov, Ph.D. is a highly regarded international scientist.
His technique, known as the Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) technique, uses state of the art computer, electronic and optic
technology in the analysis of glow characteristics of living organisms, including plants, seeds, blood samples, and microbiological cultures.
He is on the cutting edge of GDV Technology, a rapidly advancing world respected
science which has developed well beyond simple photographs of the human aura. Based at the St. Petersburg State Technical
University SPIFMO, Prof. Korotkov has developed instruments and software, which allow the direct “real-time” viewing
of changes in the human energy field-AURA. This has extraordinary implications for Medicine, Psychology, Biophysics, Forensic
Science, Agriculture and Ecology.
Prof. Korotkov has a Doctorate in physics and has lectured in physics and biophysics
internationally. He has participated as the Senior Research Scientist in highly regarded Research Centres and Institutes.
With more than 70 publications in leading Soviet and Russian research journals on physics and biology, and has 12 patents
in the field of physics and biology, and has 12 patents in the field of biophysics and I the author of 4 books.
Korotkov has led a distinguished research career for over 20 years, combining rigorous scientific method with an insatiable
curiosity about things of the spirit, things of the soul and deep respect for all Life. He is also a scholar of philosophy
and serious mountaineer of 20 years experience.
He has conducted private consultations, lectures, seminars, and training
sessions in Australia, Britain, Germany, Mexico, Peru, Sweden, Finland, Sri-Lanka.
|Fig 1.7: Professor Edward V. Krizhanovsky |
Born in Ereven, Armenia, Professor Edward V Krizhanovsky holds a Ph.D
in physics. He conducts lectures in the theory of Information and Mathematical Logic at Saint Petersburg Technical University,
Russia and is currently the Head of Investigation Laboratory in Kirlionics Technology International.
He conducts research
in mathematical modeling and nonlinear analysis of experimental data on gas discharge, visualization study of liquid and biological
He has more than 30 publications on Gas Discharge, Visualization, Nonlinear Physics and Chaotic Dynamic.
Edward is also the in house consultant to BAE International Inc. Sdn Bhd.
Konstantin G. Korotkov, Aura and Consciousness: New Stage of Scientific Understanding. (St. Petersburg division of Russian
Ministry of Culture, State Publishing Unit “Kultura”, 1999).|
G. Korotkov, Human Energy Field: Study with GDV Bioelectrography. (BACKBONE PUBLISHING Co., Fair Lawn, NJ, UA, 2002.)|
K. Konstantin G. Korotkov, “GDV+” Instrument User’s Guide.(St. Petersburg, Kirlionics Technologies International)|
Certification of the GDV Camera - Endorsed by the Ministry of Health
Certificates of the GDV Camera - Endorsed by the Ministry of Health